“Many hands make light work”
One of the most important insights from ecology is that the relationships between things are as important as the things themselves. A healthy vibrant ecosystem is a mass of connections and relationships. That’s what we are trying to create with a permaculture system.
Permaculture seeks to integrate elements together so that the needs of one are supplied by another. This is well described by three earlier principles:
Each important function is supported by many elements
For example, food for a household might be provided by a diversity of main crops, wild food, salad and vegetable beds, orchards and soft fruit, agreements with other producers, small and large livestock. If any one source fails, others will provide. This increases the systems ‘resilience’ and makes failure or disaster less likely.
Each element provides many functions
Many conventional and industrial systems tend to look…
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